It’s quite easy to get CPU information in Linux.Just open terminal and give the following command:
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
Note : Presence of lm(Long mode) in flags indicate that the CPU is 64 bit whereas its absence indicates that it’s a 32 bit processor.
You can also use uname -i command to know whether its a 32 bit or a 64 bit processor.
$ uname -i
It will say “i686” for 32bit and “x86_64” for 64bit.
Steps for resetting password of root to ‘sctfroot’ using backtrack.
Step1: Boot the backtrack cd and log in as root.
Step2: find the partition in which the linux is installed using cmd
$fdisk-l //we are already loged in as root hence its not required to use sudo cmd anywhere.
Step3: suppose linux is installed in partition /dev/sda6 then make a directory name sda6 in mnt directory and mount that partition to it using following cmd(s)
$mkdir /mnt/sda6 //make sda6 in mnt directory
$mount /dev/sda6 /mnt/sda6
Step4: cd /mnt/sda6 //entering in sda6
Step4: change the permission of passwd file to 755
$chmod 755 passwd //check comments in step2
Step5: open passwd file
Step6: Find root and delete the whatever is there in between the first ‘:’ and second ‘:’ and save the file.It will make the root password less.
Step7: Now remove backtrack and restart the computer and open in grub mode(recovery mode) and you will find the root prompting at cmd line without asking for password.Now use passwd cmd to change passwd of root to sctfroot.
and type password as ‘sctfroot’ when it is asked.
Note: You can prevent him from hacking your sytem by setting a Bios password(so that he can’t access your system without cracking your bios password 😀 ).
Here is a simple tip to record and playback a terminal session.It is done by command script and scriptreplay.
You will find it very useful in making good tutorials.
$ script -t 2> timing.log -a output.session
now type your commands;
script command here takes two files as arguments ‘timing.log(stores timing information at which each commands are run)’ and ‘output.session(stores the output of the commands)’
$ scriptreplay timing.log output.session
timing.log and output.session can be shared with anyone who wants to replay a terminal session in their terminal.